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Distance to the Local Group Galaxy WLM using Multi-Wavelength Observations of the Tip of the Red Giant Branch, Cepheids, and JAGB Stars

Presentation #154.01 in the session “Cosmology and Large Scale Structures”.

Published onJan 11, 2021
Distance to the Local Group Galaxy WLM using Multi-Wavelength Observations of the Tip of the Red Giant Branch, Cepheids, and JAGB Stars

The local determination of the Hubble Constant is at a crossroads. Current estimates of the local expansion rate of the Universe differ by about 1.7-sigma derived from the Cepheid and TRGB based calibrations, applied to type Ia supernovae. To help elucidate possible sources of systematic error causing the tension, we show in this study the recently developed distance indicator, the J-region Asymptotic Giant Branch (JAGB) method, can serve as an independent cross-check and comparison with other local distance indicators. Furthermore, we make the case that the JAGB method has substantial potential as a calibrator of Type Ia supernovae itself, leading to a new and independent determination of Hubble Constant. Using the Local Group galaxy, WLM, as a first test case, we present distance comparisons between the JAGB method, a TRGB measurement at near-infrared JHK wavelengths, a TRGB measurement in the optical I band, and a multi-wavelength Cepheid period-luminosity relation determination. All four methods are in good agreement, confirming the local self-consistency of the four distance scales at the 3% level, and adding confidence that the JAGB method is as accurate and as precise a distance indicator as either of the other three astrophysically-based methods.


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