Whitepaper #137 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: giant planets systems; Mars; Venus
Radiant energy budgets and internal heat of planets and moons is of wide interest in the planetary science community. Some progress has been achieved, but there are still significant limitations. We recommend future exploration to better understand the radiant energy budgets and internal heat of planets and moons in our solar system.