Whitepaper #138 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: giant planets systems
We describe the main scientific goals that can be addressed uniquely by direct probes into the atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune. In situ probes would focus on key measurements of atmospheric composition, structure, and dynamics. They would provide insight into the formation of the solar system, and the processes at play in planetary atmospheres.