Whitepaper #160 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: Venus
Geodynamics, like Earth’s plate tectonics (PT), governs long-term planetary evolution and habitability. Beyond Earth, only Venus may have key elements of PT: subduction (the 1st step in PT) and continents. Revealing Venus’ geodynamics is key to understanding how PT began on Earth, and how to predict the geodynamic evolution of other rocky bodies.