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An Exploration Strategy for Europa

Whitepaper #207 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: habitability and water; life and prebiotic organics; ocean worlds

Published onMar 18, 2021
An Exploration Strategy for Europa

Europa is a highly compelling target for planetary science and astrobiology. We recommend that Europa Clipper be followed by a Europa Lander mission to be started in the decade covered by this survey. Later missions should include a melt probe or subsurface access mission to directly study Europa’s ocean.

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