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Whitepaper #381 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: Mars; Mercury and/or the Moon; primitive bodies
Future missions will be targeting extreme and rugged environments such as pits, caves, canyons, cliffs and crater rims of the Moon, Mars and icy moons. We propose multiple small, robots called SphereX that would explore these sites with the intent on setting human bases that would be naturally shielded from surface hazards such as radiation.