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Whitepaper #512 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: ocean worlds; state of the profession
A series of small, simple Europa scouts should precede a large lander mission. These scouts will determine the small-scale nature of Europa’s surface and look for organics in any plumes. A Viking-class Europa lander should be pursued only if these precursor missions indicate that it is worth the cost and effort.