The Juno spacecraft is providing measurements of Jupiter’s gravity field with an outstanding level of accuracy, leading to better constraints on the interior of Jupiter. Improving our knowledge of the internal structure of Jupiter is key, to understand the formation and the evolution of the planet but also in the framework of exoplanets exploration. Hence, developing interiors models of Jupiter which are consistent with the observations is essential.
Models of giant planets' internal structure are built with the code CEPAM to compute the gravitational moments J2n and compare them to the observational values. As the numerical calculation of the gravitational moments is crucial, we are here using a fast method based on a 4th order development of the Theory of Figures, coupled with the more precise CMS (Concentric MacLaurin Spheroid) method. This allows us to obtain reliable values of J2n in a reasonable amount of time.
MCMC (Markov chain Monte Carlo) simulations are then run to study a wide range of interior models, using the above way to compute the gravitational moments. This bayesian approach leads to a broad investigation of the parameters range such as the chemical abundances, the 1 bar temperature or the transition pressure between the molecular hydrogen and metallic hydrogen layers.
Important questions remain to be clarified like the distribution and amount of the heavy elements inside giant planets, following the hypothesis of a gradual distribution of the heavy elements up to a certain fraction of Jupiter’s radius. Throughout this talk, I will pay particular attention on the equations of states used in our models. Indeed, giant planets' internal structure seems strongly linked to the physical properties of its components and it is critical to assess how sensitive to the equations of states our models are.