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IceCube: Cosmic Neutrinos and Multimessenger Astronomy

Presentation #300.01 in the session HEAD Bruno Rossi Prize Lecture.

Published onJun 29, 2022
IceCube: Cosmic Neutrinos and Multimessenger Astronomy

Below the geographic South Pole, the IceCube project has transformed one cubic kilometer of natural Antarctic ice into a neutrino detector. IceCube detects more than 100,000 neutrinos per year in the GeV to 10 PeV energy range. From those, we have isolated a flux of high-energy neutrinos of cosmic origin, with an energy flux that is comparable to that of high-energy photons. We have also identified the first source: on September 22, 2017, following an alert initiated by a 290-TeV neutrino, observations by other astronomical telescopes pinpointed a flaring active galaxy, powered by a supermassive black hole. We will review recent progress in measuring the cosmic neutrino spectrum and in identifying its origin.

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