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Occurrence rates of terrestrial planets orbiting nearby mid-to-late M dwarfs from TESS Sectors 1-42

Presentation #338.09 in the session Exoplanet Formation of Planets and Protoplanetary Disks II.

Published onJun 29, 2022
Occurrence rates of terrestrial planets orbiting nearby mid-to-late M dwarfs from TESS Sectors 1-42

We analyze a volume-complete sample of 365 mid-to-late M dwarfs within 15 pc with masses between 0.1 and 0.3 MSun observed by TESS within Sectors 1 to 42. The median mass of the stars in this sample is 0.17 MSun. We search the TESS 2-minute cadence light curves for transiting planets with orbital periods below 7 days using a modified Box-Least Squares algorithm and recover all 6 known planets as well as a likely planet candidate orbiting LHS 475. We further perform a transit injection and recovery analysis to characterize the sensitivity as a function of planet radius, insolation, and orbital period. We find a median sensitivity above 70% for transiting planets with orbital periods below 1 day and radii above 0.6 REarth; we also find a median sensitivity near unity for any planet with a radius of at least 1 REarth up to an orbital period of 7 days. We estimate the occurrence rate of terrestrial planets and compare these results to previous estimates of the occurrence rates around earlier M dwarfs. We find tentative evidence that small terrestrial planets with radii between 0.5-0.9 REarth are intrinsically less common than their Earth-sized and larger terrestrial counterparts.

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