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Examining Two-dimensional Luminosity-Time Correlations for Gamma-Ray Burst Radio Afterglows with VLA and ALMA

Presentation #344.02 in the session Gamma Ray Bursts — iPoster Session.

Published onJun 29, 2022
Examining Two-dimensional Luminosity-Time Correlations for Gamma-Ray Burst Radio Afterglows with VLA and ALMA

Gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow emission can be observed from sub-TeV to radio wavelengths, though only 6.6% of observed GRBs present radio afterglows. We examine GRB radio light curves (LCs) to look for the presence of radio plateaus resembling the plateaus observed at X-ray and optical wavelengths. We analyze 404 GRBs from the literature with observed radio afterglow and fit 82 GRBs with at least five data points with a broken power-law model, requiring four parameters. From these, we find 18 GRBs that present a break feature resembling a plateau. We conduct the first multiwavelength study of the Dainotti correlation between the luminosity La and the rest-frame time of break Ta * for those 18 GRBs, concluding that the correlation exists and resembles the corresponding correlation at X-ray and optical wavelengths after correction for evolutionary effects. We compare Ta * for the radio sample with Ta * values in X-ray and optical data, finding significantly later break times in the radio. We propose that this late break time and the compatibility in slope suggest either a long-lasting plateau or the passage of a spectral break in the radio band. We also correct the distribution of the isotropic energy Eiso versus the rest-frame burst duration T * 90 for evolutionary effects and conclude that there is no significant difference between the T* 90 distributions for the radio LCs with a break and for those without

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