Presentation #505.01 in the session Observing Physical Properties of NEOs Part I.
In 2018, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency’s spacecraft Hayabusa2 began a near infrared spectroscopic imaging survey of near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu. Hayabusa2 is a successful sample-return mission with an overarching goal to provide a better understanding of the origin and evolution of our solar system. The target, Ryugu, is a low-albedo carbonaceous asteroid (Cb-type) that is linked to carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. It is thought to have originated in the main asteroid belt and migrated inward to become a near-Earth asteroid, and therefore reachable by spacecraft. Preliminary findings from processed NIRS3 data have shown that hydroxyl-bearing minerals are present on the surface of Ryugu, and it is likely the result of impact fragments from an aqueously altered parent body (Kitazato 2019).
In this project, we have used newly calibrated and processed NIRS3 data using updated shape models of Ryugu. NIRS3 spectra have both a thermal and reflectance component. The thermal component (beyond 2.5 microns) was modeled and removed from all NIRS3 spectra. Ryugu spectra were taken at different viewing geometries, and a photometric model needed to be developed to normalize all of the spectra at a common geometry for each mission phase. We have used three empirical models: Minnaert, Lommel-Seeliger, and ROLO (RObotic Lunar Orbiter). These models were chosen for their ability to relate the surface reflectance to the viewing geometry, as well as their compatibility with the asteroid’s albedo range. The three models provide the global light scattering properties of Ryugu’s surface and subsequently enable us to calculate the geometric albedo, phase integral, spherical bond albedo, and the average surface normal albedo for Ryugu (Takir 2015).