Whitepaper #098 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: space weather applications; basic research. Additional topics: space weather research/operations/research loop; space weather research/applications/operations pipeline; […]
Long-term ground-based observations from across the US and Canada play a key role in informing our understanding of the multi-scale processes by which fundamental processes are spun up to have system-level consequences. I am recommending a ‘scaffolding program’ wherein key networks would provide long-term multi-scale observations that inform our fundamental science and our space weather goals.