Whitepaper #198 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: space weather applications. Additional topics: space weather research/operations/research loop; space weather research/applications/operations pipeline.
Model verification and validation (MVV) are critical to ensure that our models and simulations are reliable and correct. The need for applications that inform decision making is rising every year, and along with it, the need for MVV and clear frameworks to enable research-to-applications-to-research (R2A2R) within and beyond the heliophysics community.