Whitepaper #278 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: space weather applications; basic research. Additional topics: other basic research; other space weather; space-based missions/projects; system science.
An opportunity for high impact science linking vertical coupling in the ionosphere-thermosphere-atmosphere region through the facilitation of constellation missions. It is our recommendation that a continual system of low Earth orbit constellations > 3 satellites each (i.e., A Starlink system for heliophysics, with the continuity of the GOES program) be a high priority in the 2024 decadal survey.