Whitepaper #287 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: space weather applications; basic research. Additional topics: space weather research/applications/operations pipeline; solar physics; space-based missions/projects; […]
Observations of the Sun’s poles is fundamental to understanding and predicting the solar cycle, constraining polar kilo-Gauss flux patches and plasma jets and illuminating the origin of the fast solar wind. This white paper argues the case for novel out-of-ecliptic observations of the Sun’s polar region in conjunction with existing or future multi-vantage point heliospheric observatories.