Whitepaper #290 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: basic research; space weather applications. Additional topics: inner heliosphere; fundamental space plasma theory; space weather research/applications/operations [...]
This white paper underlines the lack of fundamental understanding of heliospheric flux ropes and provides the motivation to significantly improve the status quo of flux rope research through novel and requisite approaches. The recommendations put forward in this paper will broaden the in-depth knowledge of our nearest star, its dynamics, and its role in its sphere of influence, the heliosphere.