Whitepaper #363 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: basic research; infrastructure/workforce/other programmatic. Additional topics: state of the profession; solar physics; user-need-driven basic space weather research.
Research efforts that require observations of high solar activity, such as multiwavelength studies of large solar flares and CMEs, must contend with the 11-year solar cycle to a degree unparalleled by other segments of heliophysics. We recommend the development of a strategic program that ensures optimal science return for each solar maximum while sustaining the research community between maxima.