Whitepaper #370 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: basic research. Additional topics: planetary magnetospheres.
To meet the challenge of sparse data sampling in case of in-situ observations in Earth’s magnetosphere, we propose to use modern artificial intelligence tools. To use of the acquired data and empirical reconstructions in the first-principles models it is proposed to develop gray-box models that combine simulations (white-box models) and data-derived reconstructions (black-box models).