Whitepaper #446 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: basic research. Additional topics: ground-based missions/projects; inner heliosphere; system science.
It is important to maintain efficient long-term investments to monitor space climate. Proper observational configuration and networks to measure key physical parameters is a practical approach. It is necessary to balance the needs for building cutting edging new instruments and ensuring the longevity of existing key facilities.