Whitepaper #448 in the Decadal Survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) 2024-2033. Main topics: space weather applications; basic research. Additional topics: space weather research/operations/research loop; ground-based missions/projects; space-based […]
The subauroral and midlatitude upper atmosphere is much more dynamic and complex than anticipated not too long ago. We should emphasize midlatitude and subauroral science in upcoming observation systems, satellite missions, and modeling efforts. We must synchronously push the boundaries of joint ground and space multi-scale instrument networks for high fidelity and wide-field observations.