Presentation #103.04 in the session The Sun and Solar System.
On the basis of experimental data obtained during the study of the Chelyabinsk meteoroid, the formation of a 20 km polarized plasma tail behind the meteoroids with a positively charged cylindrical sting is proved, in which a beam of high-energy electrons is formed, focused and accelerated to energies of 20 GeV. When the electron beam reaches the meteoroid, it destroys the meteoroid in a repetitively pulsed regime. Thus, a Coulomb explosion of a meteoroid is carried out by a high-energy electron beam. The proposed pulse-periodic 4D model of meteoroid destruction in the Earth’s electronegative atmosphere and the formation of an extended (~20 km) plasma tail behind the meteoroid explains all phenomena accompanying such destruction: acoustic (“machine-gun bursts”, hissing), electrical, photographic (cirrus clouds, ejection of parts meteoroid forward along the motion of the meteoroid), etc. Calculations of the parameters of phenomena are made on the basis of available data and the virial theorem. The model is general for explaining the phenomena in intergalactic lightning, anode- and cathode-directed lightning in the Earth’s atmosphere, heliosphere, and phenomena in similar plasma cumulative-dissipative androgynous structures in a gas discharge.