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Dust Dynamical Properties of the Dimorphos Ejecta Plume

Presentation #310.07 in the session Asteroids: Dynamics (Oral Presentation)

Published onOct 23, 2023
Dust Dynamical Properties of the Dimorphos Ejecta Plume

One year after the NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) impact [1], the first space mission that successfully demonstrated the kinetic impactor technique for planetary we present the latest advancements on the reconstruction of the dust dynamics of the plume. ASI’s Light Italian Cubesat for Imaging of Asteroids (LICIACube) [2] was the first Cubesat to image this plume. The DART impact into Dimorphos [3] caused ejecta plume propagation with high velocity and very filamentary structure, composed of dust particles from μm to cm sizes in size [4]. The large aperture and observed spikes did not prevent propagation of larger excavated material, namely, boulders up to ~2 m [5]. Far-field observations such as HST clearly showed dust tail formed from the low-speed ejecta dust due to solar radiation pressure (SRP) [4]. To estimate the size distribution and velocity distribution of the plume in close vicinity to Dimorphos, captured in the LICIACube images is still unanswered question. While the long-term monitoring of the tail can reveal the size distribution up to tens of cm in size, the impact simulations can constrain the initial velocity of the excavated material. Near and mid – field simulations considering different dynamical properties at local scale can address the complex collimated but nonhomogeneous distribution of the dust within the plume. Here, we discuss some of the dynamical properties of the plume using the available observational DART and LICIACube data of the plume propagation. We try to constrain the particle sizes within the collimated plume structures.

We apply the 3D+t model – LIMARDE [6,7] constrained with laboratory observations [8], impact simulations and near- and far- field observations such as the LICIACube [9] images and HST [2] dust observations, respectively. The model computes single particle trajectories, the dust rotational frequencies and velocity as well as the particle orientation at any time and distance. We compute the dust velocity distribution based on the physical properties (size, mass and shape) derived from the LICIACube observations; to check what is the role of the fragmentation of the particles; to constrain the physical properties based on the dynamical properties of the ejected dust in the near- and mid- environment.

References: [1] Rivkin, A.S. et al. 2021, PSJ, 2, 24pp; [2] Dotto, E. et al. 2021, PSS 199, [3] Daly, R.T. et al. (2023) Nature. [4] Li, J.-Y., et al. (2023) Nature. [5] Farnham et al. LPSC abs. [6] Ivanovski et al. 2023, u.rev.; [7] Fahnestock et al. 2022, PSJ; [8] Ormo et al. 2022, E&PSL [9] Dotto et al. 2023, Nature, u. rev.

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