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CHES: An Astrometric Mission for the Detection of Habitable Planets of the Nearby Solar-type Stars

Presentation #628.02 in the session Future Missions and Instrumentation.

Published onApr 03, 2024
CHES: An Astrometric Mission for the Detection of Habitable Planets of the Nearby Solar-type Stars

The Closeby Habitable Exoplanet Survey (CHES) mission is proposed to discover habitable-zone Earth-like planets of nearby solar-type stars (~10 pc away from our solar system) via microarcsecond relative astrometry (Ji et al. 2022), which is currently being considered by the Chinese Academy of Sciences as a possible space mission for future launch. The major scientific objectives of CHES are: to search for Earth Twins or terrestrial planets in habitable zones orbiting 100 solar-type nearby stars; further to conduct a comprehensive survey and extensively characterize nearby planetary systems. The primary payload is a high-quality, low-distortion, high-stability telescope. The optical subsystem is a coaxial three-mirror anastigmat (TMA) with a 1.2 m-aperture, 0. 44 × 0. 44 degrees field of view and 500 - 900 nm working wave band. The camera focal plane is composed of a mosaic of 81 scientific CMOS detectors each with 4 k × 4 k pixels. The heterodyne laser interferometric calibration technology is employed to ensure microarcsecond level (1 μas) relative astrometry precision to meet the requirements for detection of Earth-like planets. The CHES satellite operates at the Sun–Earth L2 point and observes all target stars for 5 yr. CHES will offer the first direct measurements of true masses and inclinations of Earth Twins and super-Earths orbiting our neighbor stars based on microarcsecond astrometry from space. This will definitely enhance our understanding of the formation of diverse nearby planetary systems and the emergence of other worlds for solar-type stars, and finally provide insights to the evolution of our own solar system. The extended scientific goal for this mission will contribute to studies on cosmology, dark matter and black holes using ultra-high-precision relative astrometry.

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